The 2012 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) summit will take place April 3rd and 4th in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. As the new chair of the regional bloc for the 2012 year, Cambodia will have an opportunity to show off its capital city’s latest developments, both socioeconomic and political.
The streets are already being decked out with symbols of national pride, and flags of the other nine member countries of ASEAN have been hung from the street lights of Phnom Penh’s busiest boulevards. Moreover, judging from the level of security already being dispatched onto the streets for last week’s meeting between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and Myanmar’s President Thien Sen, no one anticipates a repeat of the 2009 summit from Pattaya, Thailand.
That summit was abandoned once Red Shirt protesters stormed the resort where the conference was taking place, resulting in delegates having to be airlifted away from the top of the hotel. It is a monumental achievement for Cambodia which is just two decades removed from a prolonged civil conflict which devastated the country, nearly eradicated Khmer culture, and resulted in approximately 2 million deaths. During that time, regional relations with its Southeast Asian neighbors were poor to say the least, save for China, which supported the genocidal Khmer Rouge. Today, however, functionalism is alive and well.
As British scholar David Mitrany theorized, the benefits of increased regional integration on limited matters eventually “spill over” into bigger, more important areas. It starts out small: first, maybe a group of countries agree to make the process of obtaining a visa in one another’s countries easier for their respective citizens. Later on, broader trade agreements are signed. Before you know it, the mutual interest of all parties involved mandates closer cooperation and interdependence on a whole range of issues from education and trade, to nuclear security and combatting terrorism.
The underlying theme of the summit is cooperation
Perhaps this is why Cambodia has decided to block the issue of the conflict in the South China Sea from making the docket of topics to discuss. It is a thorny issue indeed, with six countries all claiming ownership of the Spratly Islands atoll, four of which are ASEAN member states. China, who is not a member of ASEAN, will of course be kept informed of the summit’s proceedings by their two closest allies in Southeast Asia: Cambodia and Laos.
Beijing is another claimant of the island chain, believed to hold vast deposits of oil and natural gas, and has had several flare ups with Vietnam and the Philippines over the past several months on the water. The hot button topic is the situation in Myanmar…
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