The Chinese Communist Party has been integrating private entrepreneurs into the party-state since the early 2000s through formal institutional arrangements such as granting CCP memberships and allowing them to act as national or local-level legislators.
The authoritarian measures undertaken by the CCP have sent shockwaves through the business community, making business owners anxious and uncertain about the future. According to an opinion piece in the East Asia Forum, the crackdown serves as a warning to other companies.
Not just tech behemoths like Alibaba and Tencent
It’s not just tech behemoths like Alibaba and Tencent that are being hit. Academic tutoring firms, food delivery companies, and internet finance firms are also being targeted by the government’s regulatory measures.
The attitude of the CCP towards private entrepreneurs remains ambiguous, according to recent news. 
- Private entrepreneurs in China are co-opted by the party-state and encouraged to contribute to the state’s goals, but their position is less secure than ever due to recent government crackdowns.
- The CCP has integrated emerging private business elites into the party-state through a variety of formal institutional arrangements since the early 2000s.
- Xi Jinping’s “common prosperity” agenda is aimed at narrowing the wealth gap and increasing philanthropic action from high-income firms and individuals.
- The position of big private companies in China is currently less secure than it has been in the past, with state intervention leading to entrepreneurs losing confidence in China’s future, and some choosing to move abroad in safest countries like Thailand.
The position of big private companies in China today is less secure than it has been at any point since 1989, due to a recent crackdown on tech, the platform economy, private education, real estate, and financial capital that is aimed at increasing the size of the Chinese middle class and reducing excessive incomes.
Private sector discrimination and institutional ambiguity governing private firms are among the challenges faced by entrepreneurs in China. 
CCP ambiguous stance towards private entrepreneurs
The logics and organizing principles related to entrepreneurship are rapidly changing in China, as examined in a recent paper. 
While these new regulations may help close the wealth gap, they also risk killing innovation, creativity, and the entrepreneurial spirit of the Chinese private sector.
High-profile business owners under scrutiny
Recently, high-profile business owners in the internet sector have drawn more scrutiny than ever. Since the government started a regulatory onslaught on his enterprises in October 2020, Alibaba co-founder Jack Ma has maintained an unusually low profile. Several independent business owners have recently been compelled to step away from the spotlight.
Though the crackdown may help reduce data privacy violations and monopolistic practices, it is raising concerns about the stifling of innovation and the negative impact this could have on China’s economy. The Chinese economy has grown exponentially in the past few decades, largely thanks to the role played by private businesses. However, this crackdown on business owners is shaking the once-stable foundations of Chinese entrepreneurship.
China’s campaign to strengthen its own economy while controlling the power of the country’s entrepreneurs has created a climate of uncertainty among business owners. With the future of businesses at stake, it remains to be seen how private entrepreneurs in China will navigate this new regulatory landscape.