Bank of Thailand (BoT) Governor Tarisa Watanagase on Wednesday conceded that non-performing loans (NPLs) incurred by the country s financial institutions were rising as a resu…
Read the original post:
Bad loans rising with sluggish economy, says BoT
When Thailand went through the 1997 Asian Crisis, we took measures to strengthen the financial institutions. The government then guaranteed bank deposits as well as their debts. Banks had their capital reduced and replenished. But even after they had been strengthened, banks still could not lend new money because the financial health of their corporate customers was still weak.
The root cause of the Thai crisis was over-investment by businesses. Non-performing-loan companies were therefore the weak link, causing a lack of confidence.
The Thai government solved the problem by setting up Thai Asset Management Corporation. TAMC restructured NPLs by rescheduling payment dates to suit the debtors’ cash flow. Basically, the reschedule was done to match the debtors’ ability to pay, with conditions for them to pay more should their actual cash flow be better than forecast. This enabled the NPL companies to obtain new trade credits and new working capital. They resumed their operations and retained their employees.
The economy would not have recovered otherwise.
The lesson is that a comprehensive crisis resolution must address the problem at the root cause. In the case of Thailand, it was the NPL companies that experienced cash flow problems because they over-invested and over diversified. In the case of the USA, it is the residential mortgages.
In this crisis, therefore, all efforts must be made to stop the first domino from falling, the residential mortgages – and only the US government can do it.
Demand from businesses have increased rapidly over the years in Thailand
Imports from new ASEAN member countries also have lower import duties. As part of ASEAN Integration System of Preferences (AISP), tariffs of products such as vinegar, chili, certain vegetables, wood products, and electronic switchboards imported from Cambodia, Myanmar and Lao PDR are either reduced or abolished from September 2008.
Import tariffs on machinery are waived for regional operating headquarters. The Board of Investment cancels import tariffs on machinery used in conducting research and development activities by regional operating headquarters (ROHs). This is in addition to the existing privileges such as a permission to own land and remit foreign currency abroad as well as preferential corporate and income tax rates. Looking forward, related agencies such as the Revenue Department, the Bank of Thailand, and the Department of Business Development plan to streamline other rules and regulations that help to promote ROHs in Thailand.
Externally, the trade balance in January 2009 recorded a 1,688 million US dollar surplus. Export value contracted for the third consecutive month while import fell even more rapidly. Export value dropped 25.3 percent (yoy) to 10,382 million US dollars. This was due mainly to contraction across the board except for labour-intensive industries which still expanded from gold export. Import value contracted 36.5 percent (yoy) across the board to 8,694 million US dollars. When accounting for the net services, income, and transfers surplus of 601 million US dollars from lower investment income transfer compared to the previous month, the current account balance registered a 2,289 million US dollar surplus.
For the year 2008, the Thai economy decelerated from the previous year, particularly in the last quarter where global economic downturn and internal political unrest adversely affected manufacturing production and tourism. Nonetheless, farm income in Thailand still expanded well from higher major crop production and price compared to the previous year. On the demand side, private consumption and investment declined notably in the last quarter, despite falling inflation during the second half of the year in line with lower oil prices. Both export and import expanded satisfactorily during the first three quarters. However, during the last quarter, export contracted following trading partners’ economic slowdown while import decelerated markedly in line with export and domestic demand conditions.
Thailand Approves Latest Economic Relief Package for Businesses
Some 250 billion baht (US$8 billion) was allocated for soft loans while the remaining 100 billion baht (US$3.2 billion) will go towards an ‘asset warehousing’ program whereby debtors can use their assets as loan collateral but will have the right to redeem their assets under a specific time frame.
Thailand BOI approves Biotech Projects Worth 2.4 Bln Baht ($78 million)
The biotechnology sector is part of the so-called BCG model (Bio, Circular and Green economy) which the Thai government has set as a priority to lead the post-Covid 19 recovery.
The Thailand Board of Investment (BOI) said today it has recently approved new projects in the field of advanced biotechnology, worth a combined 2.4 billion baht (around USD78 million) in investment, reflecting the increased interest of local and foreign investors in the country’s biotech sector.
Asia-Pacific sees 3.9% growth in deal activity in February 2021
The Asia-Pacific (APAC) region saw a 3.9% month-on-month growth in deal activity (mergers & acquisitions, private equity and venture financing deals) from 1,126 deals to 1,170 deals in February 2021, according to GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company.
Subscribe via Email
Developing Asia growth set to rebound to 7.3% in 2021 (ADB)
Thailand slow vaccination progress coupled with a surge of infections has prompted Kasikorn Research Centre to lower its growth projection...
Thailand extends the 7,000 baht “Rao Chana” scheme to 33.5 million Thais
The Ministry of Finance said that the new proposal will increase the number of people eligible for the “Rao Chana”...
Bangkok falls 19 places to 49th most expensive location worldwide
Locations reliant on international tourism have seen their rental markets hit especially hard during the pandemic, resulting in some major...
Thai fruit exports to FTA markets up 107 percent
China, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines, Hong Kong, Australia and Chile are top importers of Thai fruits, especially fresh durian,...
Digital Revolution and Repression in Myanmar and Thailand
Activists have also proactively published social media content in multiple languages using the hashtags #WhatsHappeningInMyanmar and #WhatsHappeningInThailand to boost coverage...
3 Reasons to Be Optimistic About the Baht Right Now
Probably one of the most important factors for the rise of the Baht is the continued weakness of the US...