The Thai banking system remains resilient with strong capital, loan loss provisions, and liquidity. In Q2 2023, there was a slight contraction in loans due to repayments, but lending to large corporations, mortgages, and personal loans continued to grow.
- The Thai banking system demonstrated resilience in the second quarter of 2023, with strong capital levels, loan loss provisions, and liquidity despite a slight contraction in loans and some deterioration in loan quality.
- The profitability of the banking system improved, mainly driven by higher net interest income, although risks such as the debt serviceability of vulnerable SMEs and households, the global economic slowdown, and the pace of tourism recovery still require close monitoring.
- Financial institutions will continue to support debtors through debt restructuring and the implementation of new measures to address household debt problems, with a focus on responsible lending, risk-based pricing, and debt service ratio limits.
Loan quality was slightly worse for SMEs and consumer loans, but banks managed this through debt restructuring. Non-performing loans decreased, but loans with increased credit risk slightly increased.
Profitability improved from the previous year, but there is a need to monitor debt serviceability for vulnerable SMEs and households. The household debt to GDP ratio slightly decreased, and the corporate debt to GDP ratio continued to decrease. Financial institutions will continue to support debtors through debt restructuring, and the central bank will implement new measures to address household debt problems.
These measures include responsible lending, risk-based pricing for retail borrowers, and debt service ratio limits for new lending. It will take time for these measures to have an impact and will require cooperation from all parties.
Additionally, the Thai government has taken steps to stimulate the economy and support businesses during these challenging times. They have implemented fiscal measures such as tax incentives for certain industries, increased government spending on infrastructure projects, and provided financial support to affected businesses. These initiatives aim to boost economic growth, create job opportunities, and enhance the overall resilience of the banking system.
Furthermore, the Thai banking sector has embraced digital transformation to cater to changing consumer needs and improve operational efficiency. Banks have invested in digital platforms, mobile banking apps, and online payment systems to enhance customer experiences and simplify banking processes. This shift towards digital banking has been accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic, as more people turned to online channels for their banking needs.
In terms of regulatory oversight, the Bank of Thailand has maintained a proactive approach to ensure stability and resilience in the banking system. They have introduced measures to strengthen risk management practices, enhance corporate governance standards, and promote financial inclusion. The central bank continues to monitor emerging risks and works closely with financial institutions to address potential vulnerabilities.
Looking ahead, the Thai banking system remains well-positioned to navigate future challenges. The strong capital base, robust risk management framework, and ongoing support from the government and regulatory authorities provide a solid foundation for the sector. As the economy recovers and businesses adapt to the new normal, the banking sector will continue to play a crucial role in facilitating economic growth and supporting the financial needs of individuals and businesses alike.