Thailand’s military government is planning to amend the FBA (Foreign Business Act)  to prevent foreign directors from controlling joint venture firms that are majority-owned by Thai shareholders.

Currently, foreigners are prohibited to hold more than 49% of the shares in a joint venture for it to qualify as a local company. But the present FBA makes it possible for foreign business partners to control joint ventures in Thailand, as it does not prohibit foreigners from making up the majority of the board of directors.

The arrangement has promoted investments in the country for decades, opening activities to foreign investors that would be otherwise restricted to foreign owned companies.

Bis repetita ?

Mitsugu Saito, minister and deputy chief of mission of the Japan Embassy, said an amendment restricting foreign control over joint-venture companies like the one proposed in 2007 would have a serious impact on existing and future investment.

“The embassy is quite seriously concerned about the draft amendment,” Mr Saito told the Bangkok Post Sunday. “If the law is changed, the ownership of a joint venture has to be a Thai national, and they [the Japanese] will have to decide to give up foreign ownership or withdraw their business from Thailand.”

The American Chamber of Commerce in Thailand on Monday warned in a statement that any protectionist amendments to the current investment laws “will only further damage foreign investor confidence, likely lead to a significant reduction in foreign investment, and harm Thailand’s regional competitiveness.”

“We have been doing business with Thailand for several decades based on mutual trust and mutual friendship, but I am afraid that by changing the basic business environment in Thailand [at] short notice, companies will lose trust in the Thai government and the business environment in Thailand,” Mr Saito said.

Unbeatable, or unpredictable Thailand ?

Unbeatable_1340009748The move has come as a surprise to many in the foreign business community, as it mimics the former military appointed government in 2007, widely criticized for its incompetence . The project could potentially force some local joint ventures to be reclassified as foreign-owned, thus preventing them to do business in some sectors where foreign control is capped, or prohibited.

Changing the rules without notice could paint a negative and unpredictable picture for current and future investors, just when Myanmar and Vietnam are making efforts to attract business. Many are wondering  why a regime in power for a self-stated short term, is hastily moving ahead with policies that will affect investment and the economy for decades to come.

Foreign direct investment has been an important element of Thailand’s economic development process. The immense foreign currency influx after Thailand’s financial liberalization in 1990, helped to increase the country’s competitiveness. In the context of the recession and relatively slow recovery after the 1997 crisis, the FDI’s role became even more crucial in helping re-capitalize failing industries, bring in new technologies, generate or save jobs, assist with policy reforms and play a role in addressing the poverty and social inequalities challenges.

Foreign Direct Investment 2010 2011 2012
FDI Inward Flow (million USD) 9,147 7,779 8,607
FDI Stock (million USD) 142,498 150,517 159,125


FDI Inflows By Countries and Industry

Main Investing Countries 2013, in %
Japan 60.6
Hong Kong 8.1
Netherlands 6.9
Malaysia 4.5
Singapore 4.2
USA 2.0
Taiwan 1.6
The Cayman Islands 1.2
Switzerland 1.1


Main Invested Sectors 2013, in %
Metallurgy and machinery 30.6
Electronic and electric goods 25.3
Services 18.9
Paper and chemical goods 15.0
Agricultural products 5.1
Light industry, textiles 4.0
Minerals and ceramics 1.1

Source: Board of Investment – Last Available Data.

About the author

Bangkok Correspondent at Siam News Network

Bangkok Correspondent for Siam News Network. Editor at Thailand Business News

1 comment
  1. Many if not all of the astute foreign investors have already moved operations to other parts of ASEAN – If this retrograde law is passed, I think they could be very musty boardrooms these people get to occupy.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Sign Up for Our Newsletter

Get notified of our weekly selection of news

You May Also Like

Thailand’s aging society needs new provident fund

According to the UN World Population Prospects, Thailand is an early bird among developing nations which has now entered an aged society with about 20% of its population over 60 years old. As the number of old people increases, each elderly person can depend less on their children.

253 Thai workers to be evacuated from Ukraine

The Permanent Representative of Thailand to the United Nations has expressed support for a diplomatic solution regarding the Russia-Ukraine crisis, while the Thai embassy in Poland also stated that the situation in Ukraine is very tense and volatile and some roads have been blocked, making travel over land by private and public transport very difficult.

Thailand extends state of emergency for another two months

Thailand’s CCSA approved the extension period of the enforcement of the Declaration of an Emergency Situation in all areas of the Kingdom for another two months, until May 31st 2022.